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AWolf Aug 22, 2020 09:59 AM
Which CO2 emissions do EEA mean by "international transport"? Are these the CO2 emissions from international shipping and aviation? If so, how were these keyed to the EU?
Replies (8)
EEA Aug 24, 2020 09:03 AM
Dear M. 'AWolf',

Thank you for contacting the European Environment Agency (EEA).

Emissions from aircraft that depart in one country and arrive in a different country are reported under international aviation. What determines whether a trip is international is if the aircraft departs in one country and arrives at another country. If not, emissions would be domestic (between airports within the country).
Emissions from international aviation between EU Member States are considered ‘international’ from the point of view of the EU GHG inventory. The EU is the sum of emissions from its Member States (MS). That is, the sum of the 28 MS’ domestic aviation emissions = EU domestic aviation emissions, and the sum of MS’ international aviation emissions = EU international aviation emissions. In the case or the EU, the latter includes both intra-EU aviation and extra-EU aviation.
The above-mentioned description is the same for navigation: i.e. international navigation in the EU inventory includes intra and extra EU navigation emissions; with the difference that international aviation is included in the EU 2020 and 2030 targets, and international navigation is not included.
The definitions are in the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for national GHG inventories (under energy > mobile combustion)[…]/V2_3_Ch3_Mobile_Combustion.pdf

With kind regards,
EEA Enquiry Service
AWolf Aug 24, 2020 11:10 AM
Thank you for the information.

This means?
> "international transport" is the sum of "international aviation" and "international navigation / shipping". Example: According to the EEA, the emissions in 2018 for "international transport" amounted to 265 million t and "international aviation" to 137 million t. That would mean that the emissions for "international shipping" amount to 128 million t?
> "International" here means traffic between EU countries. Air and ship traffic between EU countries and non-EU countries is not included

Best wishes
AWolf Aug 24, 2020 11:19 AM
Or does "extra-EU aviation" also mean emissions from flights between an EU country and a non-EU country? If the latter is the case, does this also apply to shipping? Does the 128 million t for shipping contain traffic within EU countries and traffic with non-EU countries?
EEA Aug 24, 2020 12:32 PM
Dear Sir,
Would you please send us the link to the dataset or indicator that you are referring to? That would be helpful for efficiently replying to your questions.
With kind regards,
EEA Enquiry Service
AWolf Aug 24, 2020 01:19 PM[…]/greenhouse-gases-viewer

EU27 CO2 2018
Total (without LULUCF, with international transport): 3,321 million tonnes
Total (without LULUCF, with international aviation): 3,184 million tonnes
Total (without LULUCF): 3,056 million tonnes
> international transport: 265 million tonnes (3,321 - 3,056)
> international aviation: 128 million tonnes (3,184 - 3,056)
> international shipping/navigation: 137 million tonnes (265 - 128)

With kind regards, AWolf
AWolf Aug 25, 2020 08:08 AM
My two questions are:
(1) Have I correctly determined the "international" CO2 emissions of the EU27 in air and ship traffic?
(2) Do these emissions include traffic between EU countries as well as between EU countries and non-EU countries?

Thank you for the information.
EEA Aug 25, 2020 01:35 PM
Dear Sir,

1. Yes, we confirm your calculations
2. Yes. International in the EU GHG inventory includes (it is the sum of) emisssions between Member States and emissions from EU Member States to non-EU countries. This applies to both international navigation and international aviation. So intra and extra EU aviation and navigation are included under 'international' aviation and navigation in the EU GHG inventory. The inventory does not split these emissions further.

With kind regards,
EEA Enquiry Service
AWolf Aug 25, 2020 02:02 PM
Thank you for the information