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Louison Jun 07, 2016 12:21 PM
Dear people at EEA,

I am a PhD student in Economics working in the field of ecological macroeconomics. For a chapter of my PhD, I work with the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the COP21 by participating countries.

The European Union has submitted a common INDC stating that it will collectively reduce its GHG emissions by 40% by 2030. I'd like to know if there is any document or website detailing the individual reduction of each
EU member. Here are my questions:

Will each EU country reduce its emissions by 40% ? Or will the individual commitment be differentiated like they were for the Kyoto Protocol Second Commitment Period following the Effort Sharing Decision ? If so, is there any information regarding individual objective already available ? If not yet available, do you know when it will be ?

I could not find the information anywhere else, so I thank you very much in advance for your help.

Best regards,

Replies (1)
EEA Jun 08, 2016 10:25 AM
In accordance with the 2030 climate and energy framework, the EU has a binding target to cut emissions in EU territory by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030.
To achieve the at least 40% target:
• EU emissions trading system (ETS) sectors would have to cut emissions by 43% (compared to 2005) – to this end, the ETS is to be reformed and strengthened
• non-ETS sectors would need to cut emissions by 30% (compared to 2005) – this needs to be translated into individual binding targets for Member States.

I would suggest to the enquirer to take a look at the Council’s conclusions of 23/24 October 2015. This and other documentation can be found in the following link in DG Clima’s website:

Regarding the national reduction targets of the non-ETS sectors, the methodology of the Effort Sharing Decision and its elements, as applied for the 2020 targets will be continued until 2030. The national reduction targets for the non-ETS sectors might be established before 2020 though.

The proposal from the European Commission on 2030 targets under the Effort Sharing Decision (= non-ETS sectors) is a planned publication in the second half of July. There will still be a co-decision process ensuing between Member States and the European Parliament.