Sweden even has gone further than just reducing sulphur and has MK1 fuel on the market, which is better than EN590 fuel (see here for comparisons from 2012: http://slb.nu/slb/rapporter/pdf8/slb2012_008.pdf ) I was wondering whether there are plans to update the European Fuel directive towards such a more environmentally friendly fuel (and why not use MK1 as an example?)
While reducing environmental impact is important, I feel all good measures are embedded in a global economic model. As such, we also need to take into account economic profitability of European refineries and related jobs and tax revenues in a global context. I have the following questions: How high is the infrastructure investment cost to reduce sulphur? How much are the variable costs per liter? How much lower is the energy content after sulphur reduction (plus translation in monetary value)? (Same questions would apply to MK1)
As for the environmental benefits, are there numbers available on the effect of merely a sulphur reduction (and not combined with the other benefits of MK1)?
As I know lobbying will probably be strong on European level to achieve this, I would like to convince the Belgian government, who's looking to fix the current budget deficit, to adopt a tax on the sulphur content. I would like more ammunition for this. 1,5€ct per liter in Germany had already an impact it seems.